Raman Hrabarenka was born on August 24, 1992 in Mogilev, Belarus. The big defender played Hrabarenka played junior hockey with the Cape Breton Screaming Eagles and Drummondville Voltigeurs of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League.
Undrafted, Hrabarenka made his professional debut with the Albany Devils of the American Hockey League in the 2012–13 season. He was later signed by Albany's parent affiliate, the New Jersey Devils, to a three-year entry level contract.
On April 9, 2015, Hrabarenka would get his first taste of NHL action. He suited up for the Devils against the Tampa Bay Lightning.
On the international stage, Hraborenko competed in the 2012 IIHF World Championship for his native country, Belarus.