The competition was played according to new rules that divided the game into three 20-minute periods.
Matches were held in late January and early February during the International Week of Winter Sport that one year later was to be called the Winter Olympic Games by the Congress of the International Olympic Committee.
The tournament was split into two groups with four teams in each. The top two ranking teams from each group went on to the playoff round.
The four years between this championship and the 1920 games in Antwerp did nothing to alter the balance of power between North America and Europe. Canada, represented by the Toronto Granites, earned the gold medal and established a record that has never been beaten by scoring 110 goals in five games.
Included in this total was an Olympic record 33-0 win over Switzerland that featured 18 goals in the first period. The United States was almost as dominant, sweeping its European opponents before dropping a 6-1 decision to Canada in what turned out to be the gold medal game.
In that match, left winger Harry Watson, who was hired by The Toronto Telegram to supply reports from Chamonix, staked Canada to 2-0 lead before the 10-minute mark of the first period and finished the game with a hat trick.
Overall, a total of 255 goals were scored in the 16 games of the tournament – an average of almost 16 goals per game.