The Spirit of Womens Hockey

Timeline — Evolution Of Women's Hockey
Welcome to our tribute to Women's Hockey 1890s Women's hockey gains popularity in universities, principally at the University of Toronto and Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario.
1920s Bobbie Rosenfeld and Myrtle Cook, former track stars and hockey players in their own rights, become Canada's first women sports reporters, specializing in hockey during the winter.
1930s The Preston Rivulettes rule the ice lanes. Click here for an interview with Ruth (Dargel) Collins of the Preston Rivulettes.
1940s The war halts any development of the women's game, which doesn't revive until the early 1970s.
1956 Abby Hoffman challenged hockey's gender barrier by playing in a boys league under the guise of being male.
1970s Shirley Cameron becomes hockey's first star of the modern era.
1987 The first ever Women's World Championship takes place in Toronto. However, it is not recognized as an official tournament by the IIHF.
1990 The first official and IIHF-sanctioned Women's World Championship is held in Ottawa.
1998 Women's hockey becomes a full medal sport at the Olympic Winter Games for the first time.
1999 The women's division at the World Championships expands to two pools, A and B.
2005 USA ends Canada's streak of eight straight (nine unofficial) world titles in a shoot-out.
2006 Sweden becomes the first non-North American team to earn silver at the Winter Olympic Games beating United States in the semi-finals.
2010 Canada wins its third straight Olympic gold medal, defeating the rival Americans in a hard-fought 2-0 final.

Cammi Granato and Angela James are first women selected for induction into the Hockey Hall of Fame.
2013 Geraldine Heaney becomes the third woman Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.
2014 Canada wins its fourth straight Olympic gold medal, scoring the tying goal with seconds left in regulation, forcing overtime in an epic championship contest against the United States.
2015 Angela Ruggiero becomes the fourth woman Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.
2017 Danielle Goyette becomes the fifth woman Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.
2018 For the first time in Women's Olympic Hockey history, the gold medal-winner is determined by shootout. Jocelyne Lamoureux scores the winner for the USA as they defeat their rivals from Canada.

Jayna Hefford becomes the sixth woman Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.
2019 Finland becomes the first country other than Canada and the United States of America to finish in the top two of the IIHF Women's World Championship when they take the silver on home ice.

Hayley Wickenheiser becomes the seventh woman Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.
2021 Canada breaks a five-year gold medal drought, winning the IIHF Women's World Championship on home ice.

Kim St-Pierre becomes the eighth woman Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.

IIHF members vote to hold the IIHF Women's World Championships during Winter Olympic Games years. The tournaments in these years will take place in the summer, and help mark the start of a new Olympic cycle.
2022 Riikka Sallinen becomes the ninth woman Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame, and the first female player from outside of North America.

Czechia wins bronze at the IIHF Ice Hockey Women's World Championship, marking their first medal at the top tournament.

"Name the most significant moment in women's hockey?"
  • "When the 1990 tournament was recognized as an official World Championship, it brought significant world exposure." - Andria Hunter (two-time gold medalist at the Worlds with Team Canada and producer of the 'The Women's Hockey Web' site)
  • "The 1982 (Canadian) Nationals." - Dawn McGuire (two-time gold medalist at Worlds, led Canadian defense with 7 points at the '90 Worlds)
  • "There are two. One... women's hockey participating on the Olympic stage, in Nagano, 1998 where the US captured gold. Two...the first championships (Stanley Cup) for women's league hockey being won in March, 2000 in Brampton! The Beatrice Aeros win the first ever CUP. This is an NWHL top moment. Historically, live broadcast across Canada." - Susan Fennell (President of the National Women's Hockey League and Mayor of the City of Brampton)
  • "There are two. One is the first World Women's Championships in 1990 held in Ottawa and the second is the formation of the (Canadian) Nationals in 1982." - Shelley Coolidge (Manager, Female Development, with the Canadian Hockey Association)
  • "The United States winning the first Olympic gold medal in 1998." - Brian McFarlane (author to over 75 books including 'Proud Past, Bright Future' - a history of women's hockey)
  • "When the IOC made women's hockey a medal sport." - Andrew Podnieks (author to over 20 hockey books including 'Hockey's Greatest Teams' - includes chapter on Preston Rivulettes)

The Preston Rivulettes were a hockey tour de force in the 1930's
Preston Rivulettes

Although the 1st official Women's World Championships took place in 1990, the first world-wide tournament was held in Toronto in 1987

World Championships

Year-By-Year Results

1987* Canada Ontario United States
1990 Canada United States Finland
1992 Canada United States Finland
1994 Canada United States Finland
1997 Canada United States Finland
1999 Canada United States Finland
2000 Canada United States Finland
2001 Canada United States Russia
2004 Canada United States Finland
2005 United States Canada Sweden
2007 Canada United States Sweden
2008 United States Canada Finland
2009 United States Canada Finland
2011 United States Canada Finland
2012 Canada United States Switzerland
2013 United States Canada Russia
2015 United States Canada Finland
2016 United States Canada Russia
2017 United States Canada Finland
2019 United States Finland Canada
2021 Canada United States Finland
2022 Canada United States Czechia

* This tournament was not officially sanctioned by the International Ice Hockey Federation.

The World Championship did not take place in 1998/2002/2006/2010/2014/2018 (At the time, no World Championship would be held during a Winter Olympic Games year. This changed in 2022), 2003 (Sars-related cancellation) and 2020 (COVID-19 related cancellation).

Career Point Leaders

Points Player Country (Goals - Assists) Tournaments
89 Hilary Knight USA (53G-36A) 12
86 Hayley Wickenheiser Canada (37G-49A) 13
83 Jayna Hefford Canada (40G-43A) 12
78 Cammi Granato USA (44G-34A) 9
68 Brianna Decker USA (28G-40A) 8
68 Danielle Goyette Canada (37G-31A) 9
68 Caroline Ouellette Canada (23G-45A) 12
67 Kendall Coyne Schofield USA (26G-41A) 9
65 Marie-Philip Poulin Canada (29G-36A) 10
61 Jenny Potter USA (23G-38A) 10
60 Riikka Sallinen Finland (25G-35A) 8
59 Jennifer Botterill Canada (26G-33A) 8

Winter Olympic Games

Year-By-Year Results

1998 United States Canada Finland
2002 Canada United States Sweden
2006 Canada Sweden United States
2010 Canada United States Finland
2014 Canada United States Switzerland
2018 United States Canada Finland
2022 Canada United States Finland

Career Point Leaders

Points Player Country (Goals - Assists) Tournaments
51 Hayley Wickenheiser Canada (18G-33A) 5
35 Marie-Philip Poulin Canada (17G-18A) 4
32 Jenny Potter USA (11G-21A) 4
30 Cherie Piper Canada (15G-15A) 3
30 Jayna Hefford Canada (13G-17A) 5
28 Meghan Agosta Canada (17G-11A) 4
27 Hilary Knight USA (12G-15A) 4
26 Caroline Ouellette Canada (9G-17A) 4
26 Rebecca Johnston Canada (8G-18A) 4
25 Danielle Goyette Canada (15G-10A) 3
25 Natalie Darwitz USA (14G-11A) 3
25 Riikka Sallinen Finland (12G-13A) 4
23 Katie King USA (14G-9A) 3
23 Michelle Karvinen Finland (12G-11A) 4
23 Alina Muller Switzerland (12G-11A) 3